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Becoming a Trauma-Aware Therapist: Definitions and Assessment - Test
by Laura S. Brown, Ph.D., ABPP

Course content © copyright 2011-2016 by Laura S. Brown, Ph.D., ABPP. All rights reserved.

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1. The definition of a trauma in the mental health field: Help
Has remained constant over time.
Currently reflects a fear-based paradigm of trauma exposure.
Currently defines a trauma as "outside the range of usual human experience."
All of the above
2. Controversy exists over whether the following constitutes a traumatic stressor within the current DSM-5 definition: Help
Hate crimes
Childhood physical abuse
Childhood sexual abuse
Sexual harassment in the workplace
3. Which of the following emotions are required to be present for a person to meet DSM-5 criteria for trauma exposure? Help
Disgust
Numbness
Humiliation
None of the above
4. The DSM-5 criteria for PTSD overlap with which other diagnoses? Help
Delusional disorder with paranoid features
Major depressive disorder
Bipolar II
Somatoform disorder
5. Which of the following statements is accurate about Insidious Trauma/Microaggression? Help
Only persons of color experience insidious trauma.
An insidious trauma or micro-aggression is likely to immediately be perceived as traumatic by its target.
Insidious trauma is often invisible to those perpetrating it.
Insidious trauma is easier to deal with because it is so much more common than Criterion A trauma.
6. Which groups of people appear to be more at risk to experience trauma from loss of just-world beliefs? Help
Members of agent groups in a culture
Men in general
Women in general
Victims of systemic discrimination
7. A betrayal trauma: Help
Occurs only in the context of childhood sexual abuse.
Can occur whenever a person or institution betrays trust.
Leaves the person completely asymptomatic for long periods of time.
Can be diagnosed by the presence of delayed recall of the trauma.
8. According to Courtois and Ford, the underlying conditions for the development of Complex Trauma (CT) include: Help
Trauma that occurs at developmentally vulnerable times, no matter whether one-time or repetitive.
Trauma that is repetitive and prolonged, involving abuse and neglect.
Parental depression.
1 and 2 above.
9. According to the ACE study, as the number of adverse events in a child's life goes up, which of the following also occur at higher rates? Help
Adolescent pregnancy and pregnancy complications
Cancer
Auto-immune disorders
All of the above
10. Which brain structures have been found to be affected by trauma exposure? Help
Pons, brain stem, corpus callosum
Medial temporal lobe, visual cortex
Broca's area, HPA axis, hippocampus
All of the above
11. Trauma exposure is a known risk factor for the following: Help
Somatoform disorders
Dissociative disorders
Substance abuse disorders
All of the above
12. Trauma exposure should be considered as a possible source of symptoms any time a person presents with symptoms of: Help
Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Paraphilias.
Factitious disorder.
1 and 3 above.
13. Which of the following is true? Help
Developmental factors are the most potent variable to be considered in how a person responds to trauma exposure.
Developmental factors should always be considered as one of several important variables when understanding trauma response.
Certain symptoms are more likely to emerge when trauma occurs in specific developmental phases.
All of the above
14. Formal psychological assessment of trauma sequelae: Help
Should always be done in order to ascertain whether a client is malingering or exaggerating symptoms.
Is best accomplished with standard objective measures such as the MMPI-II or MCMI-III.
Should rarely be done, as it disrupts the fragile therapeutic alliance with trauma survivors.
Can be done using trauma-specific instruments that can be used by non-psychologists.
15. Projective assessment of the effects of psychological trauma: Help
Is rarely helpful, as it is too culture-bound.
Is potentially helpful so long as the evaluator is familiar with recent research on trauma and projective instruments.
Should always be done so as to rule out malingering.
Can be confusing and emotionally disruptive to trauma survivors, and should not be used.
16. Trauma exposure may be implicated in the following clinical presentations: Help
Dementia
Borderline intellectual functioning
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
None of the above: they are all purely neurological in origin
17. Malingering is a consideration when assessing trauma sequelae: Help
In every case.
In cases involving child custody.
In forensic and compensation cases.
It is never a consideration, as people have so much shame about trauma that they are more likely to downplay than to malinger symptoms.
18. In DSM-5, PTSD is found in which category? Help
Anxiety disorders
Affective disorders
Dissociative disorders
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders

 

 

 
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